Monuments in Uttar Pradesh
Taj Mahal : Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna in Agra and is regarded as one of the eight wonders of the World. Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful monument built by the Mughals rulers in India. Taj Mahal was built by the Muslim Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his dear wife and queen Mumtaz Mahal. The beautiful Taj Mahal with its curved dome and its square base is renowned for its architectural magnificence and aesthetic beauty. History reveals that it took 22 years to built this beautiful Mahal with an estimated 20,000 people working to complete the enchanting mausoleum. Its master architect was Ustad ‘Isa, who was a renowned Islamic architecture of that time. The unique mughal style of Taj Mahal combines elements of Persian, Central Asian, and Islamic architecture. The Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble and also uses an architectural design style known as interlocking arabesque. This monument stands on a raised square platform, with its four feets truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The main archways, chiseled with passages from the Holy Qur’an and the bold scroll work of flowery pattern, give a captivating charm the beauty of Taj Mahal. The central domed chamber and four adjoining chambers include many walls and panels of Islamic decoration. The Taj Mahal also contains a vast and beautiful garden and river Jamuna flows behind this monument.
Agra Fort : The famous Agra Fort is about less than 2 kilometers from the Taj Mahal, on the same river bank. The main part of the Agra fort was built during Akbar's reign. The actual construction of the Agra fort started in 1156 and was finished in 1605. Most of the buildings inside the fortress was erected by Shah Jahan. The double walls of Fort's colossal is 69 ft in height and 2.5 km in circumference encircled by a moat. The Fort contains a maze of buildings which form a small city within a city. The fort also contains splendid mosques and palaces in red sandstone and white marble. The Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate are the two main gates of the walls. The original entrance was through the Delhi Gate, but now the entrance of the fort is limited only through the Amar Singh Gate. The fort consist of a number of buildings of tourist interests such as Jehangiri Mahal, Khas Mahal, Musamman Burj, Diwani-i-Khas, Sheesh Mahal etc. Most of these buildings within the Fort are a mixture of different architectural styles.
Fatehpur Sikri : Fatehpur Sikri is a famous monument city in Uttar Pradesh, which was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar and is recognized as one of the World Heritage Sites. This small town is built in red sandstone and is only 37 kms away from Agra and is one of the most famous monument in Uttar Pradesh. Fatehpur Sikri was built during 1571 and 1585 and is one of the finest examples of Mughal architectural splendour. Fatehpur Sikri also comprises of a numerous palaces, halls and Masjids in typical mughal fashion. There are many exciting attractions in Fatehpur Sikri such as Diwan-khana-I-khaas, The Treasury, Turkish Sultanas Hous, Palace of Jodha Bai, Panch Mahal etc. The urban spaces and the buildings of this heritage city captures the imagination and wonder of all who experience it. The construction and architecture of Fatehpur Sikri is truly a blend of Indian and Islamic cultures. Fatehpur Sikri is connected to the other cities by road.